MAB Report

The regular report on the activities of the Prioksko-Terrasny Biosphere Reserve was presented to the Russian Committee of MAB in August, and then in the middle of September sent for consideration to the Secretariat of the UNESCO program “Man and Biosphere” (MAB program) in Paris.

The regular report includes the main results of the biosphere reserve’s activities for a period over 15 years, as well as the data on carrying out the recommendations of the MAB Secretariat on creating the territory of cooperation and the coordination board of the Prioksko-Terrasny Biosphere Reserve.

To complete the UNESCO requirements, Evgeny Grigoriev, the director of the FSBI “Prioksko-Terrasny State Natural Biosphere Reserve”, Alexandr Shestun, the head of Serpukhov district, and Ivan Savintsev, the head of Puschino, agreed to create the territory of cooperation on the territory of Danky rural settlement and the town of Puschino by signing the agreement on cooperation in the area of sustainable development of the Prioksko-Terrasny Biosphere Reserve with the UNESCO.

The main purpose for the creation of cooperation territory of the Prioksko-Terrasny Biosphere Reserve is creating a platform for realization of successful examples of social and administrative collaboration on the basis of integrative management of resources, introduction of innovative “green” technologies, joint use of intellectual, material and information resources. All the activities on the territory of cooperation is to be managed by the cooperation board, created by the parties of the agreement and active by the statute about the coordination board. The cooperation of the participants will become the basis for development and realization of joint projects, programs and events reflecting the common interests and goals of sustainable development.

“The biosphere reserves which include urban territories and are located in the nearest distance by cities form today quite a large international network”, – says, Yuri Buivolov, the deputy of the OPT research director. “The most famous examples include the reserves located by such metropolitan cities as Mexico City (Mexico), Seoul (the Republic of Korea), Rio de Janeiro and San Paulo (Brazil), San-Jose (Costa Rica), Agadir (Morocco), Madrid (Spain) and a 2016 newcomer Turin (Italy), which entered the transition zone of the newly accepted, by the Coordination Board, Biosphere Reserve of Collina Po (The hills of the river Po valley)”.  This decision to include a big city with the population of 900.000 in the transition zone first may seem strange. But, in fact, the citizens wanted to save the beauty and the decent living conditions in the area which inspired architect Le Corbusier for his masterpieces.

“Including Puschino into the territory of cooperation does not mean that the town will become a reserve,” – says Yuri Anatolievitch. – “The territory of cooperation is not a specially protected natural area, so including towns and villages in it does not mean that there will be new prohibitions imposed on resources management that exceed the existing state limitations. However, the development of the town and other surrounding territories should go along the principals of sustainable development and taking into account the factors of saving the favorable living environment and the quality of living for the population. The international solidarity in the framework of the MAB program should help the cause.”

Puschino scientists who took an active part in the preparation of the agreement and completion of the UNESCO recommendations include A.C. Kerzhentsev, M.N. Brynskyh, N.N. Zelenskaya.

Since signing the agreement, the Prioksko-Terrasny Reserve has included the following territories:

  • Core Zone – the territory of the Prioksko-Terrasny State Natural Biosphere Reserve, withdrawn from commercial use and under the authority of the FSBI “Prioksko-Terrasny State Reserve”;
  • Buffer Zone – the protected area of the Prioksko-Terrasny State Natural Biosphere Reserve, the territory upon the restrictions of real estate development and hunting by the enactment of protected areas. Only environmentally non-harming kinds of business activity are allowed in this area;
  • Transition (Area of Cooperation) Zone – the outside zone of the biosphere reserve inside the city limits of Puschino and Danky rural settlement of the Serpukhov region, but outside the protected area of the Prioksko-Terrasny Reserve. The zone imposes no additional limitations but the questions of the resources management which are decided by the consensus of the Coordination Board members.

See the detailed information on the Assistance Agreement and the zoning map on the website.

Reference:

The UNESCO program “Man and Biosphere” (hereafter MAB program) exists since 1971 and is an intergovernmental scientific program aimed at improving the relationship between the humankind and the nature. The MAB program is a unique platform for cooperation in the area of research and development, creating the potential and networks for sharing the information, knowledge and experience of three interconnected issues: saving biological diversity, climate change adaptation and sustainable development. The program does not only help to understand the environment better, but also increases the level of science and the scientific community participation in working out the policy measures concerning the rational use of biological diversity.