This date was established in November 2010 in Saint-Petersburg at the International forum “Tiger Summit”, devoted to the problem of the conservation of this predator species’ population. 13 states, which are still homes to tigers, acted as the initiators of the action.
Global Tiger Day should draw attention to the rapid decrease in the number of this animals in the wild. The double increase of the specimens has become the aim developed and established at the summit of the recovery program for the tiger population for years 2010-2022. Also in 2008, a program for the Amur tiger research in the Far East was developed. It is an independent project in the framework of the active RAS (Russian Academy of Sciences) expedition for the research of endangered animals of the Russian Federation and other very important animals of Russian fauna.
It is vital to note that this work has been on in Russia since the first half of the 20th century. In 1935, the Primorsky Krai (the Maritime province of Russia) organized the large and unique Sikhote-Alin State Nature Reserve and after a while – the Lazovsky and Ussurisky Nature Reserves. Tiger hunting has been strictly prohibited since 1947, and these measures proved to be well timed.
Right now Russia is a home to 90% of the population of the Siberian tiger. Today the Amur tiger is under a constant care and protection in the Sikhote-Alin, Lazovsky, Botchinsky, Komsomolsky and Hankaysky State Nature Reserves and the “Land of the Leopard”, “Call of the Tiger” and “Anyusky” national parks. The size of the population has increased by 8 times for 70 years, which is up to 450 specimens.