The necessity for organizing the World Oceans Day was first suggested at the international UN conference in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. This date was officially established by the UN General Assembly in 2009.
The Earth is the only planet in the Solar system that has the hydrosphere, the main and most important part of which is the World Ocean. The main objective of the World Oceans Day is to attract the attention of the public to the necessity of careful treatment of the waters of the World Ocean, and also to tell about the ways of influencing the environmental problems around it.
The ocean’s value for the human and all living beings’ existence is tremendous and is defined by its function in forming the climate and the atmospheric composition as well as exercising the minerals turnover. Its waters absorb about 30% of carbon dioxide preventing the global warming. The World Ocean is a home to over 200 thousand discovered species, but their actual number may run into millions.
Today the quality and quantity of water on the Earth’s surface suffers mostly of plastic and other chemical waste disposal into waters and the air pollution with the greenhouse gases. Another problem that requires an urgent solution is the “population pressure” on the ocean from overpopulation and irrational resource management.
It is important to know that the careful treatment of the ocean can serve as an obstacle to the extinction of many plant and animal species and will allow the future generations to enjoy its beauty, riches and potential.